Prof Siza Tumbo, the Deputy Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Agriculture, said the Tanzanian government was working with a variety of partners to combat climate change in the agriculture sector.
As a first mitigation strategy against climate change, he stated that Tanzania was dedicated to ensuring an appropriate supply of inexpensive, nutritious food was kept for the population.
Second, irrigated farming is being promoted in order to lessen reliance on rain-fed agriculture.
His comments come in the wake of the 26th United Nations (UN) Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), in Glasgow, Scotland, in the UK, where it emerged that the climate change crisis, if not tackled urgently, would lead to food crisis across the globe. The conference started on1st November and ends on 12 November 2021.
At the onset of the COP26, President Samia Suluhu Hassan declared Tanzania’s commitment to implement measures to mitigate adverse climate change and challenged global powers to do their part in climate change financing.
At the summit, the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (Agra) President Dr Agnes Kalibata put up a strong case for smallholder farmers in Africa, including Tanzania. She said the development of sustainable food systems calls for solving the question of climate change for smallholder farmers.
Supporting the call to solve the climate change crisis, Prof Tumbo noted that after long-term research, Tanzania had identified some key issues that need to be addressed urgently. They include improving the farming system, greater adoption of mechanization, improving food storage and more outstanding provision of reliable weather forecast information for smallholder farmers.
To meet national goals of combating climate change, most smallholder farmers would have to transform into modern farming by adopting best practices, including interpreting weather data for planning planting and post-harvest management, Prof Tumbo noted.
While the government has always been committed to protecting water sources, higher uptake of irrigation farming was encouraged with water collected during rainfall, he said.
“We have a problem, and it is not lack of rainfall. The problem is that rainfall has become unpredictable,” Prof Tumbo noted. “We are calling on AGRA and other stakeholders to support irrigation agriculture as mitigation against climate change to ensure continued food security.”
Agra Tanzania Country Manager Mr Vianey Rweyendela, commenting about COP26, noted that sustainable food systems needed concerted efforts to address climate change at all levels.
Mr Rweyendela said Agra and its partners support Tanzania’s government climate change mitigations in its project implementations.
For example, we have helped develop warehouses, introduced post-harvest technology, worked with government-owned institutions to develop seed varieties so as to increase agricultural productivity while protecting the environment and addressing climate change.
“In the delivery of our projects, a key component has been promoting good agricultural practices (GAPs) which include climate change mitigation,” he noted.
Over the years, AGRA has made investments in Tanzania agricultural research institutions to support their research and innovation to create more climate-resilient, low-emission technologies and practices.
According to COP26 UK Presidency, Tanzania is among the 45 countries that have pledged urgent action and investment to protect nature and shift to more sustainable farming methods. Tanzania supports Sustainable Agriculture Policy Action Agenda for the Transition to Sustainable Agriculture and Global Action Agenda for Innovation in Agriculture, alongside Australia, Uganda, Madagascar, India, Vietnam, Nigeria, Lesotho, Laos, Indonesia, Guinea, Ghana, Germany, and Philippines, among others, noted COP26 UK Presidency.
UK COP26 summit was a critical moment in the global efforts to tackle climate change and achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.